SWITZERLAND: About one in eight people in the world live with a mental disorder, said the World Health Organisation (WHO) in a landmark report released on Friday calling for urgent action on transforming mental healthcare. Even before the pandemic, in 2019, the number of people living with a mental disorder was nearly a billion, including 14 per cent of the world`s adolescents, a number that has been exacerbated by the Covid-19 pandemic in the last two years. In the first year of the pandemic alone, the rates of the already-common conditions such as depression and anxiety went up by more than 25 per cent.
The WHO report revealed that on average, countries dedicate less than 2 per cent of their healthcare budgets to mental health. As a result, just a small fraction of people in need get access to effective, affordable and quality mental health care.
The report also called to end stigma, discrimination and human rights violations against people with mental health conditions, with 20 countries still criminalising attempted suicide. It noted that globally, there may be 20 suicide attempts to every one death, and yet suicide accounts for more than one in every 100 deaths. It is a major cause of death among young people.
Mental disorders are also the leading cause of Years Lived with Disability (YLDs), accounting for one in every six YLDs globally.
– INDIA TODAY