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Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav: Celebrating 75 Years of India's Independence

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Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is an initiative of the Government of India to celebrate and commemorate 75 years of independence and the glorious history of it’s people, culture and achievements.

This Mahotsav is dedicated to the people of India who have not only been instrumental in bringing India thus far in its evolutionary journey but also hold within them the power and potential to enable Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of activating India 2.0, fuelled by the spirit of Aatmanirbhar Bharat.

The official journey of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav commenced on 12th March 2021 which started a 75-week countdown to our 75th anniversary of independence and will end post a year on 15th August 2023.

The Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav means elixir of energy of independence; elixir of inspirations of the warriors of freedom struggle; elixir of new ideas and pledges; and elixir of Aatmanirbharta. Therefore, this Mahotsav is a festival of awakening of the nation; festival of fulfilling the dream of good governance; and the festival of global peace and development.

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is a series of events organised by the Government of India to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of India’s Independence. The Mahotsav is being celebrated as a Jan-Utsav in the spirit of Jan-Bhagidari.

Themes of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

1. Freedom Struggle – Commemorating milestones in history, unsung heroes etc.

This theme anchors our commemoration initiatives under Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav. It helps bring alive stories of unsung heroes whose sacrifices have made freedom a reality for us and also revisits the milestones, freedom movements etc. in the historical journey to 15 August, 1947.

Programmes under this theme include Birsa Munda Jayanti (Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas), Declaration of Provisional Government of Free India by Netaji, Shaheed Diwas etc.

2. [email protected] – Celebrating ideas and ideals that have shaped India

This theme focuses on programmes and events inspired by ideas and ideals that have shaped us and will guide us as we navigate through this period of Amrit Kaal (25 years between [email protected] and [email protected]).

The world as we knew it is changing and a new world is unfolding. The strength of our convictions will determine the longevity of our ideas. Events and programmes under this theme include popular, participatory initiatives that help bring alive India’s unique contribution to the world. These include events and initiatives such as Kashi Utsav dedicated to Hindi literary luminaries from the land of Kashi, Post Cards to Prime Minister wherein more than 75 lakh children are writing their vision of India in 2047 and their impressions of unsung heroes of India’s freedom struggle.

3. [email protected] – Reinforcing commitments to specific goals and targets

This theme focuses on our collective resolve and determination to shape the destiny of our motherland. The journey to 2047 requires each one of us to rise up and play our part as individuals, groups, civil society, institutions of governance etc.

Only through our collective resolve, well laid out action plans and determined efforts will ideas translate into actions. Events and programmes under this theme include initiatives such as Constitution Day, Good Governance Week etc. that help bring alive our commitment towards the ‘PLANET AND PEOPLE’ while being driven by a deep sense of PURPOSE.

4. [email protected] – Highlighting steps being taken to implement policies and actualise commitments.

This theme focuses on all the efforts that are being undertaken to help India take its rightful position in the new world order emerging in a post covid world by highlighting the steps being taken to implement policies and actualise commitments.

It is driven by Prime Minister Modi’s clarion call of SABKA SAATH. SABKA VIKAS. SABKA VISHWAS, SABKA PRAYAS. It encompasses Government policies, schemes, action plans along with commitments from businesses, NGOs, civil society that helps actualise our ideas and help us collectively create a better tomorrow. Programmes under this theme include initiatives such as Gati Shakti – National Master Plan for Multi-modal Connectivity

5. [email protected] – Showcasing evolution and progress across different sectors

This theme focuses on marking the passage of time and all our milestones along the way. It is intended to grow into a public account of our collective achievements as a 75-year-old independent country with a legacy of 5000+ years of ancient history.

Events and programmes under this theme include initiatives such as Swarnim Vijay Varsh dedicated to the victory of 1971, launch of Shreshtha Yojana during Mahaparinirvan Diwas etc.

Stories of Change

As a commemoration of India’s 75 years of independence, Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav honours and celebrates the story of India’s freedom struggle. People from across the world are marking this momentous milestone through actions and deeds capturing India’s indomitable spirit and promising future. This “Stories of Change” corner presents such stories of jan bhagidari, with an aim to inspire generations to march towards a new Aatmanirbhar Bharat while remembering the brave hearts of our country.

1. Government Schemes benefiting women for procuring agriculture products – More than 4500 women from 52 districts of Madhya Pradesh buy agricultural products directly from farmers. During the procurement, the minimum support price (MSP) fixed by the government is taken care of. The most encouraging thing is that women associated with Self Help Groups (SHGs) are getting employment opportunities. The involvement of women in buying agricultural products is tightening the noose on private traders who are profiteering in the role of middlemen between farmers and the market. It is the result of ending the bullying of moneylenders that till now 436 women’s groups in Madhya Pradesh have been directly involved in the work of buying agricultural products from farmers. Women working in the warehouse are getting the biggest advantage that they do not have to go to the traders. They are paid monthly based on the amount of wheat they buy in a month. As a part of the ongoing program in Madhya Pradesh, rural women are allotted purchase centers to buy agricultural produce around government godowns. Wheat, gram and mustard are procured from farmers at these centres. The state government machinery helps women. The Food Civil Supplies and Consumer Protection Department of the government makes arrangements for the vehicles used to transport the produce of the farmers.

2. Water power!! – Surdi village is an example for watershed water conservation due to its efforts. To overcome the problem of water, all the villagers including the women and children of the village have started a unique initiative. They have set up community development centers in an area of 18,070 sqm. Villagers say that most of the wells present here have completely dried up. Because of this many people were forced to leave Surdi forever and go to live somewhere else. Many of these also tried to sell their farms but were unsuccessful. Due to paucity of water, no one was ready to buy their land. It was decided that to meet the water shortage in the village, the people of the community would jointly undertake watershed management projects. Without waiting for help, the people of the village, including women and children, came forward to dig a 600-meter-long ditch along the border of Surdi village. By doing this rain water could be collected. The initial money for this work was invested by the people of the community. Then the gram panchayat contacted the state agriculture department which helped provide technical support for the project with necessary government approvals. With a concerted effort and hard work, the villagers have made small basins and ponds to store water on the top of the mountain.

3. 1200 Plants Planted in a record of 10 Minutes – Three companies have registered a historic achievement for Rewari district by creating a Guinness Book of World record by planting 1200 fruit trees in just 10 minutes in village Dharan, along with 150 farmers. Keldsi India Refractories Limited Dharuhera, BMD Youth in association with Tree Eye Foundation Poona, The Blue and Green Hope Claw holding has set a new record. 1200 plants planted in 10 minutes in this village SDM Bawal Sanjeev Kumar said that this is a historic achievement for village Dharan and Bawal, due to which the village has got international recognition, for this the important contribution of Keldries India Company and all the young friends and farmers has been made.

4. Women auto-drivers – Rural women in Dhamtari have set an example of change in their lives. Earlier these women used to work as laborers in the fields. Despite that, they were dependent on others. Today they earn up to Rs. 15,000 a month on their own by driving an auto in the city and helping their families financially. Bhuneshwari Sahu, resident of village Irra in Dhamtari district and Aarti Vishwakarma of village Lohar Pathra and 15 other women like them, who travel 25 to 30 kilometers daily, come to Dhamtari city in their electric auto. They take people to their destination throughout the day and return back to their village in the evening. This has given these women confidence and pride to become self-sufficient. Given these women were dependent on others for money, up until a few years ago, as their daily labour work wouldn’t be enough, these women being financially independent is a big change.

5. Papaya farms that empowers the women of Chhattisgarh – The women of Mangalpur village, Bastar area in Chhattisgarh have truly proved the saying “if the intentions are firm, trees can be grown even on stone”. The group of women were successful in cultivating papaya on rocky soil worth Rs 40 lakhs. These women are responsible for the formation of the Maa Danteshwari Papai Production Committee. Hemvati Kashyap, secretary of Maa Danteshwari Samiti, says that they did a business of Rs 40 lakh by growing 300 tonnes of papaya in 10 acres. By cultivating papaya, women got a chance to go to Delhi for the first time in a Hawaiian ship. The Chief Minister, Bhupesh Baghel congratulated the women for traveling by air from papaya cultivation to Delhi and earning a profit of Rs 10 lakh in a year while recovering the cost. The women involved claim that after preparing the areas for planting papaya, additional soil was poured where the plants were to be put. The women began preparing the area in December 2021, and after about one and a half months, they began planting papaya saplings on January 11, 2021. Today, 5500 papaya trees are blooming in an area of 10 acres as a consequence of labor-intensive efforts. There have been 300 tonnes of papaya produced thus far. Intercropping is used to grow vegetables right alongside the papaya in this area.According to reports, this is where the improved Amina kind of papaya is being grown for the first time, and the fruit is extremely sweet, flavorful, and nutritious.In Delhi’s Azadpur Mandi, three consignments of papayas of about five tonnes each have been sold at the rate of Rs 80 per kg. These women have resorted to an automated drip irrigation system to grow these papaya, so that only a suitable amount of water and soluble fertilizer reaches the roots of papaya. Experts say that farming is possible only with the help of drip irrigation technology in rocky soil. Women are using this information for irrigation through the app on their mobile. Productivity has increased manifold with the use of this technology.

6. The legacy of women farmers – The Women Producer Group of Mamonikhurd village in Madhya Pradesh’s Sahariya tribe-dominated village was started in 2019 with a common objective, that if women can collect their agricultural produce, they will be able to bargain for better prices. This effort has led to an 18% increase in Lodhi’s peanut farm revenue. With the assistance of the Delhi-based non-profit organisation Srijan (Self-Reliant Initiatives through Joint Action), this group initiative was launched in the villages of Mamonikhurd, Barodi, and Salai in the Shivpuri district. This district is part of the Bundelkhand region, which is impacted by the migration crisis, feudalism, and gender inequality. Bundelkhand faces severe water scarcity that critically impacts agriculture, which is the main source of livelihood in the region. Groundnut is one of the most important cash crops of the region, mainly cultivated by women farmers. But because of their small farms, inadequate storage facilities, poor market access, and unpredictable prices, these women continuously struggle with issues like fraud by middlemen. They must also deal with high production expenses brought on by erratic rains, poor soil, and a lack of modern farming techniques. Farmers and non-profit organisations agreed to form a Women Producer Group, which advocates for collectivism at the threshold, in response to these difficulties. This programme is led by women, and they are also in charge of its management. This project has emerged as a permanent solution to such challenges. These women help produce crops and transport the produce to the collection centers run by them in the villages. At present there are 70 producer groups in 30 villages. To get a good price, two to three women are selected from different groups, trained by non-profit organizations to test their produce, set prices and bring buyers from the main market.

Source: Ministry of Culture – India


Monday, September 26, 2022 – 01:00

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